External Role Mapping

Edge for Private Cloud v4.18.05

External Role Mapping lets you map your own groups or roles to role-based access control (RBAC) roles and groups created on Apigee Edge. This feature is only available with Edge for Private Cloud.

Prerequisites

  • You must be an Apigee Private Cloud system administrator with global system admin credentials to perform this configuration.
  • You need to know the root directory of your Apigee Edge Private Cloud installation. The default root directory is /opt.

Step-by-step setup example

See this article on the Apigee Community Forums for a step-by-step example of setting up External Role Mapping.

Default configuration

External Role Mapping is disabled by default.

Enable External Role Mapping

To enable External Role Mapping:

  1. Before you can complete the following configuration, you must create a Java class that implements the ExternalRoleMapperServiceV2 interface and include your implementation in the Management Server classpath:
    /opt/apigee/edge-management-server/lib/thirdparty/

    For details about this implementation, see the section About the ExternalRoleMapperImpl sample implementation later in this document.

  2. Log in to your Apigee Edge management server and then stop the management server process:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service management-server stop
  3. Open /opt/apigee/customer/application/management-server.properties in a text editor. If this file does not exist, create it.
  4. Edit the properties file to make the following settings:
    # The user store to be used for authentication.
    # Use "externalized.authentication" for LDAP user store.
    # Note that for authorization, we continue to use LDAP.
    # See Enabling external authentication more on enabling external auth.
    conf_security_authentication.user.store=externalized.authentication
    
    #Enable the external authorizations role mapper.
    conf_security_externalized.authentication.role.mapper.enabled=true
    conf_security_externalized.authentication.role.mapper.implementation.class=com.customer.authorization.impl.ExternalRoleMapperImpl
  5. Save the management-server.properties file.
  6. Ensure that management-server.properties is owned by the apigee user:
    chown apigee:apigee /opt/apigee/customer/application/management-server.properties
  7. Start the management server:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service management-server start

Disable external authorization

To disable external authorization:

  1. Open /opt/apigee/customer/application/management-server.properties in a text editor. If the file doesn't exist, create it.
  2. Change the authentication user store to "ldap":
    conf_security_authentication.user.store=ldap
  3. Set this property to "false":
    conf_security_externalized.authentication.role.mapper.enabled=false
  4. Restart the management server:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service management-server start

About the ExternalRoleMapperImpl sample implementation

In the security.properties config file described previously in Enabling external role mapping, note the this line:

externalized.authentication.role.mapper.implementation.class=com.customer.authorization.impl.ExternalRoleMapperImpl

This class implements the ExternalRoleMapperServiceV2 interface, and is required. You need to create your own implementation of this class that reflects your respective groups. When finished, place the compiled class in a JAR and put that JAR in the Management Server's classpath in:

/opt/apigee/edge-management-server/lib/thirdparty/

You can name the class and package whatever you wish as long as it implements ExternalRoleMapperServiceV2, is accessible in your classpath, and is referenced correctly in the management-server.properties config file.

The following is a sample implementation of an ExternalRoleMapperImpl class:

package com.customer.authorization.impl;

import com.apigee.authentication.*;
import com.apigee.authorization.namespace.OrganizationNamespace;
import com.apigee.authorization.namespace.SystemNamespace;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.HashSet;
import javax.naming.NamingEnumeration;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
import javax.naming.directory.Attributes;
import javax.naming.directory.DirContext;
import javax.naming.directory.InitialDirContext;
import javax.naming.directory.SearchControls;
import javax.naming.directory.SearchResult;

/** *
* Sample Implementation constructed with dummy roles with expected namespaces.
*/

public class ExternalRoleMapperImpl
       implements ExternalRoleMapperServiceV2 {

   InitialDirContext dirContext = null;

   @Override
   public void start(ConfigBean arg0) throws ConnectionException {

       try {
           // Customer Specific Implementation will override the
           // ImplementDirContextCreationLogicForSysAdmin method implementation.
           // Create InitialDirContext based on the system admin user credentials.
           dirContext = ImplementDirContextCreationLogicForSysAdmin();
       } catch (NamingException e) {
           // TODO Auto-generated catch block
           throw new ConnectionException(e);
       }
   }

   @Override
   public void stop() throws Exception {
   }

   /**
    * This method should be replaced with customer's implementation
    * For given roleName under expectedNamespace, return all users that belongs to this role
    * @param roleName
    * @param expectedNamespace
    * @return All users that belongs to this role. For each user, please return the username/email that is stored in Apigee LDAP
    * @throws ExternalRoleMappingException
    */
   @Override
   public Collection<String> getUsersForRole(String roleName, NameSpace expectedNamespace) throws ExternalRoleMappingException {
       Collection<String> users = new HashSet<>();
       if (expectedNamespace instanceof SystemNamespace) {
           //If requesting all users with sysadmin role
           if (roleName.equalsIgnoreCase("sysadmin")) {
               //Add sysadmin's email to results
               users.add("sysadmin@wacapps.net");
           }
       } else {
           String orgName = ((OrganizationNamespace) expectedNamespace).getOrganization();
           //If requesting all users of engRole in Apigee LDAP
           if (roleName.equalsIgnoreCase("engRole")) {
               //Get all users in corresponding groups in customer's LDAP. In this case looking for 'engGroup';
               SearchControls controls = new SearchControls();
               controls.setSearchScope(1);
               try {
                   NamingEnumeration<SearchResult> res = dirContext.search("ou=groups,dc=corp,dc=wacapps,dc=net",
                           "cn=engGroup", new Object[]{"",""}, controls);
                   while (res.hasMoreElements()) {
                       SearchResult sr = res.nextElement();
                       //Add all users into return
                       users.addAll(sr.getAttributes().get("users").getAll());
                   }
               } catch (NamingException e) {
                   //Customer needs to handle the exception here
               }
           }
       }
       return users;
   }

   /**
    *
    * This method would be implemented by the customer and would be invoked
    * while including using X-Apigee-Current-User header in request.
    *
    * X-Apigee-Current-User allows the customer to login as another user
    *
    * Below is the basic example.
    *
    * If User has sysadmin role then it's expected to set SystemNameSpace
    * along with the expected NameSpace. Otherwise role's expectedNameSpace
    * to be set for the NameSpacedRole.
    *
    * Collection<NameSpacedRole> results = new HashSet<NameSpacedRole>();
    *
    * NameSpacedRole sysNameSpace = new NameSpacedRole("sysadmin",
    * SystemNamespace.get());
    *
    * String orgName =
    * ((OrganizationNamespace) expectedNameSpace).getOrganization();
    *
    * NameSpacedRole orgNameSpace = new NameSpacedRole ("orgadmin",
    * expectedNameSpace);
    *
    * results.add(sysNameSpace);
    *
    * results.add(orgNameSpace);
    *
    *
    * @param username UserA's username
    * @param password UserA's password
    * @param requestedUsername UserB's username. Allow UserA to request UserB's userroles with
    *                          UserA's credentials when requesting UserB as X-Apigee-Current-User
    * @param expectedNamespace
    * @return
    * @throws ExternalRoleMappingException
    */
   @Override
   public Collection<NameSpacedRole> getUserRoles(String username, String password, String requestedUsername, NameSpace expectedNamespace) throws ExternalRoleMappingException {
       /************************************************************/
       /******************** Authenticate UserA ********************/
       /************************************************************/

       // Customer Specific Implementation will override the
       // ImplementDnameLookupLogic method implementation.

       // obtain dnName for given username.
       String dnName = ImplementDnNameLookupLogic(username);
       // Obtain dnName for given requestedUsername.
       String requestedDnName = ImplementDnNameLookupLogic(requestedUsername);

       if (dnName == null || requestedDnName == null) {
           System.out.println("Error ");
       }

       DirContext dirContext = null;
       try {

           // Customer Specific Implementation will override the
           // ImplementDirectoryContextCreationLogic method implementation

           // Create a directory context with dnName or requestedDnName and password
           dirContext = ImplementDirectoryContextCreationLogic();

           /************************************************/
           /*** Map internal groups to apigee-edge roles ***/
           /************************************************/
           return apigeeEdgeRoleMapper(dirContext, requestedDnName, expectedNamespace);

       } catch (Exception ex) {
           ex.printStackTrace();
           System.out.println("Error in authenticating User: {}" + new Object[] { username });

       } finally {
           // Customer implementation to close
           // ActiveDirectory/LDAP context.
       }

       return null;

   }

   /**
    *
    * This method would be implemented by the customer and would be invoked
    * wihle using username and password for authentication and without the
    * X-Apigee-Current-User header
    *
    * The customer can reuse implementations in
    *      getUserRoles(String username, String password, String requestedUsername, NameSpace expectedNamespace)
    * by
    *      return getUserRoles(username, password, username, expectedNamespace)
    * in implementations.
    *
    * or the customer can provide new implementations as shown below.
    */

   @Override
   public Collection<NameSpacedRole> getUserRoles(String username, String password, NameSpace expectedNamespace) throws ExternalRoleMappingException {
       /*************************************************************/
       /****************** Authenticate Given User ******************/
       /*************************************************************/

       // Customer Specific Implementation will override the
       // ImplementDnameLookupLogic implementation.

       // Obtain dnName for given username or email address.
       String dnName = ImplementDnNameLookupLogic(username);

       if (dnName == null) {
           System.out.println("Error ");
       }

       DirContext dirContext = null;
       try {
           // Create a directory context with username or dnName and password
           dirContext = ImplementDirectoryContextCreationLogic();

           /************************************************/
           /*** Map internal groups to apigee-edge roles ***/
           /************************************************/
           return apigeeEdgeRoleMapper(dirContext, dnName, expectedNamespace);

       } catch (Exception ex) {
           ex.printStackTrace();
           System.out.println("Error in authenticating User: {}" + new Object[] { username });

       } finally {
           // Customer implementation to close
           // ActiveDirectory/LDAP context.
       }

       return null;
   }

   /**
    *
    * This method would be implemented by the customer and would be invoked
    * while using security token or access token as authentication credentials.
    *
    */
   @Override
   public Collection<NameSpacedRole> getUserRoles(String username, NameSpace expectedNamespace) throws ExternalRoleMappingException {

       /*************************************************************/
       /****************** Authenticate Given User ******************/
       /*************************************************************/

       // Customer Specific Implementation will override the
       // ImplementDnameLookupLogic implementation.

       // Obtain dnName for given username or email address.
       String dnName = ImplementDnNameLookupLogic(username);

       if (dnName == null) {
           System.out.println("Error ");
       }

       DirContext dirContext = null;
       try {
           // Create a directory context with username or dnName and password
           dirContext = ImplementDirectoryContextCreationLogic();

           /************************************************/
           /*** Map internal groups to apigee-edge roles ***/
           /************************************************/
           return apigeeEdgeRoleMapper(dirContext, dnName, expectedNamespace);

       } catch (Exception ex) {
           ex.printStackTrace();
           System.out.println("Error in authenticating User: {}" + new Object[] { username });

       } finally {
           // Customer implementation to close
           // ActiveDirectory/LDAP context.
       }

       return null;
   }

   /**
    *  This method should be replaced with Customer Specific Implementations
    *
    *  Provided as a sample Implementation of mapping user groups to apigee-edge roles
    */
   private Collection<NameSpacedRole> apigeeEdgeRoleMapper(DirContext dirContext, String dnName, NameSpace expectedNamespace) throws Exception {

       Collection<NameSpacedRole> results = new HashSet<NameSpacedRole>();

       /****************************************************/
       /************ Fetch internal groups *****************/
       /****************************************************/

       String groupDN = "OU=Groups,DC=corp,DC=wacapps,DC=net";
       String userFilter = "(user=userDnName)";
       SearchControls controls = new SearchControls();
       controls.setSearchScope(SearchControls.ONELEVEL_SCOPE);

       //Looking for all groups the user belongs to in customer's LDAP
       NamingEnumeration<SearchResult> groups = dirContext.search(groupDN,userFilter.replace("userDnName", dnName), new Object[] { "", "" }, controls);

       if (groups.hasMoreElements()) {
           while (groups.hasMoreElements()) {
               SearchResult searchResult = groups.nextElement();
               Attributes attributes = searchResult.getAttributes();
               String groupName = attributes.get("name").get().toString();

               /************************************************/
               /*** Map internal groups to apigee-edge roles ***/
               /************************************************/

               if (groupName.equals("BusDev")) {
                   results.add(new NameSpacedRole("businessAdmin",SystemNamespace.get()));

               } else if (groupName.equals("Engineering")) {
                   if (expectedNamespace instanceof OrganizationNamespace) {
                       String orgName = ((OrganizationNamespace) expectedNamespace).getOrganization();
                       results.add(new NameSpacedRole("orgadmin", new OrganizationNamespace(orgName)));
                   }

               } else if (groupName.equals("Marketing")) {
                   results.add(new NameSpacedRole("marketAdmin",SystemNamespace.get()));

               } else {
                   results.add(new NameSpacedRole("readOnly",SystemNamespace.get()));
               }
           }

       } else {
           // In case of no group found or exception found we throw empty roles.
           System.out.println(" !!!!! NO  GROUPS FOUND !!!!!");
       }
       return results;
   }

   /**
    * The customer need to replace with own implementations for getting dnName for given user
    */
   private String ImplementDnNameLookupLogic(String username) {
       // Connect to the customer's own LDAP to fetch user dnName
       return customerLDAP.getDnName(username);
   }

   /**
    * The customer need to replace with own implementations for creating DirContext
    */
   private DirContext ImplementDirectoryContextCreationLogic() {
       // Connect to the customer's own LDAP to create DirContext for given user
       return customerLDAP.createLdapContextUsingCredentials();
   }

}