Configuring TLS for the management UI

Edge for Private Cloud v4.19.01

By default, you access the Edge management UI over HTTP by using the IP address of the Management Server node and port 9000. For example:

http://ms_IP:9000

Alternatively, you can configure TLS access to the management UI so that you can access it in the form:

https://ms_IP:9443

In this example, you configure TLS access to use port 9443. However, that port number is not required by Edge - you can configure the Management Server to use other port values. The only requirement is that your firewall allows traffic over the specified port.

Ensure that your TLS port is open

The procedure in this section configures TLS to use port 9443 on the Management Server. Regardless of the port that you use, you must ensure that the port is open on the Management Server. For example, you can use the following command to open it:

iptables -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 9443 -j ACCEPT --verbose

Configure TLS

Use the following procedure to configure TLS access to the management UI:

  1. Generate the keystore JKS file containing your TLS certification and private key and copy it to the Management Server node. For more information, see Configuring TLS/SSL for Edge On Premises.
  2. Run the following command to configure TLS:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-ui configure-ssl
  3. Enter the HTTPS port number, for example, 9443.
  4. Specify if you want to disable HTTP access to the management UI. By default, the management UI is accessible over HTTP on port 9000.
  5. Enter the keystore algorithm. The default is JKS.
  6. Enter the absolute path to the keystore JKS file.

    The script copies the file to the /opt/apigee/customer/conf directory on the Management Server node, and changes the ownership of the file to "apigee".

  7. Enter the clear text keystore password.
  8. The script then restarts the Edge management UI. After the restart, the management UI supports access over TLS.

    You can see these settings in /opt/apigee/etc/edge-ui.d/SSL.sh.

You can also pass a config file to the command instead of responding to prompts. The config file takes the following properties:

HTTPSPORT=9443
DISABLE_HTTP=y
KEY_ALGO=JKS
KEY_FILE_PATH=/opt/apigee/customer/application/mykeystore.jks
KEY_PASS=clearTextKeystorePWord

Then use the following command to configure TLS of the Edge UI:

/opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-ui configure-ssl -f configFile

Configure the Edge UI when TLS terminates on the load balancer

If you have a load balancer that forwards requests to the Edge UI, you might choose to terminate the TLS connection on the load balancer, and then have the load balancer forward requests to the Edge UI over HTTP. This configuration is supported but you need to configure the load balancer and the Edge UI accordingly.

The additional configuration is required when the Edge UI sends users emails to set their password when the user is created or when the user request to reset a lost password. This email contains a URL that the user selects to set or reset a password. By default, if the Edge UI is not configured to use TLS, the URL in the generated email uses the HTTP protocol, and not HTTPS. You must configure the load balancer and Edge UI to generates an email address that uses HTTPS.

To configure the load balancer, ensure that it sets the following header on requests forwarded to the Edge UI:

X-Forwarded-Proto: https

To configure the Edge UI:

  1. Open the /opt/apigee/customer/application/ui.properties file in an editor. If the file does not exist, create it:
    vi /opt/apigee/customer/application/ui.properties
  2. Set the following property in ui.properties:
    conf/application.conf+trustxforwarded=true
  3. Save your changes to ui.properties.
  4. Restart the Edge UI:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-ui restart

Setting optional TLS properties

The Edge UI supports optional TLS configuration properties that you can use to set the following:

  • Default TLS protocol
  • List of supported TLS protocols
  • Supported TLS algorithms
  • Supported TLS ciphers

These optional parameters are only available when you set the following configuration property in the config file:

TLS_CONFIGURE=y

The following table describes these properties:

Property Description
TLS_PROTOCOL Defines the default TLS protocol for the Edge UI. By default, it is TLS 1.2. Valid values are TLSv1.2, TLSv1.1, TLSv1.
TLS_ENABLED_PROTOCOL

Defines the list of enabled protocols as a comma-separated array. For example:

TLS_ENABLED_PROTOCOL=[\"TLSv1.2\", \"TLSv1.1\", \"TLSv1\"]

Notice that you have to escape the " character.

By default all protocols are enabled.

TLS_DISABLED_ALGO

Defines the disabled cipher suites and can also be used to prevent small key sizes from being used for TLS handshaking. There is no default value.

The values passed to the TLS_DISABLED_ALGO correspond to the allowed values for jdk.tls.disabledAlgorithms as described here. However, you must escape space characters when setting TLS_DISABLED_ALGO:

TLS_DISABLED_ALGO=EC\ keySize\ <\ 160,RSA\ keySize\ <\ 2048
TLS_ENABLED_CIPHERS

Defines the list of available TLS ciphers as a comma-separated array. For example:

TLS_DISABLED_ALGO=[\"TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA\",
\"TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA\"]

Notice that you have to escape the " character.

The default list of enabled ciphers is:

"TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA",
"TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA",
"SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA",
"SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5",
"TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV"

Find the list of available ciphers here.

Use secure cookies

Apigee Edge for Private Cloud supports adding the secure flag to the Set-Cookie header for responses from the Edge UI. If this flag is present, then the cookie can only be sent over TLS-enabled channels. If it is not present, then the cookie can be sent over any channel, whether it is secure or not.

Cookies without the secure flag can potentially allow an attacker to capture and reuse the cookie or hijack an active session. Therefore, best practice is to enable this setting.

To set the secure flag for Edge UI cookies:

  1. Open the following file in a text editor:
    /opt/apigee/customer/application/ui.properties

    If the file does not exist, create it.

  2. Set the conf_application_session.secure property to true in the ui.properties file, as the following example shows:
    conf_application_session.secure=true
  3. Save your changes.
  4. Restart Edge UI by using the apigee-serice utility, as the following example shows:
    /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-ui restart

To confirm the change is working, check the response headers from the Edge UI by using a utility such as curl; for example:

curl -i -v https://edge_UI_URL

The header should contain a line that looks like the following:

Set-Cookie: secure; ...

Disable TLS on the Edge UI

To disable TLS on the Edge UI, use the following command:

/opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-ui disable-ssl