DecodeJWT policy

What

Decodes a JWT without verifying the signature on the JWT. This is most useful when used in concert with the VerifyJWT policy, when the value of a claim from within the JWT must be known before verifying the signature of the JWT.

The JWT Decode policy works regardless of the algorithm that was used to sign the JWT. See JWS and JWT policies overview for a detailed introduction.

Video

Watch a short video to learn how to decode a JWT.

Sample: Decode a JWT

The policy shown below decodes a JWT found in the flow variable var.jwt. This variable must be present and contain a viable (decodable) JWT. The policy can obtain the JWT from any flow variable.

<DecodeJWT name="JWT-Decode-HS256">
    <DisplayName>JWT Verify HS256</DisplayName>
    <Source>var.jwt</Source>
</DecodeJWT>

The policy writes its output to context variables so that subsequent policies or conditions in the API proxy can examine those values. See Flow variables for a list of the variables set by this policy.

Element reference for Decode JWT

The policy reference describes the elements and attributes of the Decode JWT policy.

Attributes that apply to the top-level element

<DecodeJWT name="JWT" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" async="false">

The following attributes are common to all policy parent elements.

Attribute Description Default Presence
name The internal name of the policy. Characters you can use in the name are restricted to: A-Z0-9._\-$ %. However, the Edge management UI enforces additional restrictions, such as automatically removing characters that are not alphanumeric.

Optionally, use the <displayname></displayname> element to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

N/A Required
continueOnError Set to false to return an error when a policy fails. This is expected behavior for most policies.

Set to true to have flow execution continue even after a policy fails.

false Optional
enabled Set to true to enforce the policy.

Set to false to "turn off" the policy. The policy will not be enforced even if it remains attached to a flow.

true Optional
async This attribute is deprecated. false Deprecated

<DisplayName>

<DisplayName>Policy Display Name</DisplayName>

Use in addition to the name attribute to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

Default If you omit this element, the value of the policy's name attribute is used.
Presence Optional
Type String

<Source>

<Source>jwt-variable</Source>

If present, specifies the flow variable in which the policy expects to find the JWT to decode.

Default request.header.authorization (See the note above for important information about the default).
Presence Optional
Type String
Valid values An Edge flow variable name

Flow variables

Upon success, the Verify JWT and Decode JWT policies set context variables according to this pattern:

jwt.{policy_name}.{variable_name}

For example, if the policy name is jwt-parse-token , then the policy will store the subject specified in the JWT to this context variable: jwt.jwt-parse-token.subject

Variable name Description
claim.audience The JWT audience claim. This value may be a string, or an array of strings.
claim.expiry The expiration date/time, expressed in seconds since epoch.
claim.issuedat The Date the token was issued, expressed in seconds since epoch.
claim.issuer The JWT issuer claim.
claim.notbefore If the JWT includes a nbf claim, this variable will contain the value. This is expressed in seconds since epoch.
claim.subject The JWT subject claim.
claim.name The value of the named claim (standard or additional) in the payload. One of these will be set for every claim in the payload.
decoded.claim.name The JSON-parsable value of the named claim (standard or additional) in the payload. One variable is set for every claim in the payload. While you can also use the claim.name flow variables, this is the recommended variable to use to access a claim.
decoded.header.name The JSON-parsable value of a header in the payload. One variable is set for every header in the payload. While you can also use the header.name flow variables, this is the recommended variable to use to access a header.
expiry_formatted The expiration date/time, formatted as a human-readable string. Example: 2017-09-28T21:30:45.000+0000
header.algorithm The signing algorithm used on the JWT. For example, RS256, HS384, and so on. See (Algorithm) Header Parameter for more.
header.kid The Key ID, if added when the JWT was generated. See also "Using a JSON Web Key Set (JWKS)" at JWT policies overview to verify a JWT. See (Key ID) Header Parameter for more.
header.type Will be set to JWT.
header.name The value of the named header (standard or additional). One of these will be set for every additional header in the header portion of the JWT.
header-json The header in JSON format.
is_expired true or false
payload-claim-names An array of claims supported by the JWT.
payload-json
The payload in JSON format.
seconds_remaining The number of seconds before the token will expire. If the token is expired, this number will be negative.
time_remaining_formatted The time remaining before the token will expire, formatted as a human-readable string. Example: 00:59:59.926
valid In the case of VerifyJWT, this variable will be true when the signature is verified, and the current time is before the token expiry, and after the token notBefore value, if they are present. Otherwise false.

In the case of DecodeJWT, this variable is not set.

Error reference

This section describes the fault codes and error messages that are returned and fault variables that are set by Edge when this policy triggers an error. This information is important to know if you are developing fault rules to handle faults. To learn more, see What you need to know about policy errors and Handling faults.

Runtime errors

These errors can occur when the policy executes.

Fault code HTTP status Cause Fix
steps.jwt.FailedToDecode 401 Occurs when the policy is unable to decode the JWT. The JWT may be malformed, invalid or otherwise not decodable. build
steps.jwt.InvalidToken 401 Occurs when the flow variable specified in the <Source> element of the policy is out of scope or can't be resolved. build

Deployment errors

These errors can occur when you deploy a proxy containing this policy.

Error name Cause Fix
InvalidEmptyElement Occurs when the flow variable containing the JWT to be decoded is not specified in the <Source> element of the policy. build

Fault variables

These variables are set when a runtime error occurs. For more information, see What you need to know about policy errors.

Variables Where Example
fault.name="fault_name" fault_name is the name of the fault, as listed in the Runtime errors table above. The fault name is the last part of the fault code. fault.name Matches "TokenExpired"
JWT.failed All JWT policies set the same variable in the case of a failure. JWT.failed = true

Example error response

JWT Policy Fault Codes

For error handling, the best practice is to trap the errorcode part of the error response. Do not rely on the text in the faultstring, because it could change.

Example fault rule

    <FaultRules>
        <FaultRule name="JWT Policy Errors">
            <Step>
                <Name>JavaScript-1</Name>
                <Condition>(fault.name Matches "TokenExpired")</Condition>
            </Step>
            <Condition>JWT.failed=true</Condition>
        </FaultRule>
    </FaultRules>