MessageLogging policy

What

One of the best ways to track down problems in the API runtime environment is to log messages. You can attach and configure a Message Logging policy on your API to log custom messages to a local disk (Edge for Private Cloud only) or to syslog.

Samples

Syslog

<MessageLogging name="LogToSyslog">
  <Syslog>
    <Message>[3f509b58 tag="{organization.name}.{apiproxy.name}.{environment.name}"] Weather request for WOEID {request.queryparam.w}.</Message>
    <Host>logs-01.loggly.com</Host>
    <Port>514</Port>
    <Protocol>TCP</Protocol>
    <FormatMessage>true</FormatMessage>
  </Syslog>
  <logLevel>ALERT</logLevel>
</MessageLogging>

A common usage of the MessageLogging policy type is to log to a syslog account. When configured for syslog, an API proxy will forward log messages from Apigee Edge to a remote syslog server. You must already have a syslog server available. If not, public log management services, such a Splunk, Sumo Logic, and Loggly, are available. see Configuring third-party log management services.

For example, imagine that you need to log information about each request message that your API receives from consumer apps. The value 3f509b58 represents a key value specific to the loggly service. If you have a loggly account, substitute your loggly key. The log message that is generated will be populated with four values: the organization, API proxy, and environment name associated with the transaction, along with the value for a query parameter on the request message.

If you have an Edge for Private Cloud deployment, you can also write log messages to a file.

Syslog over TLS/SSL

<MessageLogging name="LogToSyslog">
  <Syslog>
    <Message>[3f509b58 tag="{organization.name}.{apiproxy.name}.{environment.name}"] Weather request for WOEID {request.queryparam.w}.</Message>
    <Host>logs-01.loggly.com</Host>
    <Port>6514</Port>
    <Protocol>TCP</Protocol>
    <FormatMessage>true</FormatMessage>
    <SSLInfo>
        <Enabled>true</Enabled>
    </SSLInfo>
  </Syslog>
  <logLevel>WARN</logLevel>
</MessageLogging>

You can send messages to third-party message logging providers over TLS/SSL by adding the <SSLInfo> block.

File rotation: size

<MessageLogging name="LogPolicy">
  <File>
    <Message>This is a test message. Message id : {request.header.messageId}</Message>
      <FileName>test.log</FileName>
      <FileRotationOptions rotateFileOnStartup="true">
        <FileRotationType>SIZE</FileRotationType>
        <MaxFileSizeInMB>10</MaxFileSizeInMB>
        <MaxFilesToRetain>10</MaxFilesToRetain>
      </FileRotationOptions>
  </File>
  <logLevel>ERROR</logLevel>
</MessageLogging>

File rotation based on file size.

File rotation: time

<MessageLogging name="LogPolicy">
  <File>
    <Message>This is a test message. Message id : {request.header.messageId}</Message>
    <FileName>test.log</FileName>
    <FileRotationOptions rotateFileOnStartup="true">
      <FileRotationType>TIME</FileRotationType>
      <RotationFrequency unit="minute">10</RotationFrequency>
      <MaxFilesToRetain>10</MaxFilesToRetain>
    </FileRotationOptions>
  </File>
  <logLevel>ERROR</logLevel>
</MessageLogging>

File rotation based on time.

File rotation: time & size

<MessageLogging name="LogPolicy">
  <File>
    <Message>This is a test message. Message id : {request.header.messageId}</Message>
    <FileName>test.log</FileName>
    <FileRotationOptions rotateFileOnStartup="true">
      <FileRotationType>TIME_SIZE</FileRotationType>
      <MaxFileSizeInMB>10</MaxFileSizeInMB>
      <MaxFilesToRetain>10</MaxFilesToRetain>
      <RotationFrequency unit="minute">10</RotationFrequency>
    </FileRotationOptions>
  </File>
  <logLevel>ERROR</logLevel>
</MessageLogging>

File rotation based on time and size.

Stream-enabled

<MessageLogging name="LogPolicy">
  <File>
  ....
  ....
  </File>
  <BufferMessage>true</BufferMessage>
</MessageLogging>

Stream-enabled message logging


Element reference

Use the following elements to configure the MessageLogging policy type.

Field Name Field Description

File

Local file destination. (File logging is only supported in Edge for Private Cloud deployments.) For information on where files are stored, see Log file location in Edge for Private Cloud.

Message Build the message to be sent to the log file, combining text with variables to capture the information you want. See the Samples.
FileName Name of the log file where the message is logged.
FileRotationOptions
rotateFileOnStartup

Attribute. Valid values: true/false

If set to true, then the log file is rotated every time the messaging engine restarts.

FileRotationType Specifies the rotation policy (size or time) of a log file.
MaxFileSizeInMB (On selecting size as rotation type) Specifies the size of a log file that triggers the server to move log messages to a separate file. After the log file reaches the specified size, the server renames the current log file.
RotationFrequency (On selecting time as rotation type) Specifies the time in minutes that triggers the server to move log messages to a separate file. After the specified interval elapses, the current log file is renamed.
MaxFilesToRetain

Specifies the maximum number of files to be retained in the context of your rotation settings.

If you specify zero (0), log files are retained indefinitely, but subject to your file rotation settings, though none of the files are deleted or renamed. Therefore, to avoid future disk-full errors, set this to a value greater than zero, or implement a regular, automated system of purging or archiving older retained log files.

BufferMessage

If HTTP streaming is enabled for your proxy, request/response messages are not buffered. If you want to log content that requires the flow message to be parsed, then set BufferMessage to true. See the "Stream-enabled" sample tab for an example. Default: false

Syslog destination

To send syslog to Splunk, Sumo Logic, or Loggly, see Configuring third-party log management services.

Message

Build the message to be sent to the syslog, combining text with variables to capture the information you want. See the Samples.

Note: Response variables will not be available in PostClientFlow following an Error Flow. Use message variables to log response information for both error and success situations. See also Usage notes.

Host The hostname or IP address of the server where the syslog should be sent. If you don't include this element, the default is localhost.
Port Port where the syslog is running. If you don't include this element, the default is 514.
Protocol TCP or UDP (default). While UDP is more performant, the TCP protocol guarantees message log delivery to the syslog server. For sending syslog messages over TLS/SSL, only TCP is supported.
FormatMessage

true or false (default)

Optional, but <FormatMessage>true</FormatMessage> is required for use with Loggly.

This element lets you control the format of Apigee-generated content prepended to the message. If set to true, the syslog message is prepended by a fixed number of characters, which lets you filter out that information from messages. Here's an example for the fixed format:

<14>1 2016-02-23T09:24:39.039+0000 e49cd3a9-4cf6-48a7-abb9-7ftfe4d97d00 Apigee-Edge - - - Message starts here

The Apigee-generated information includes:

  • <14> - A priority score (see the Syslog Protocol) based on the log level and facility level of the message.
  • 1 - The current syslog version.
  • Date with a UTC offset (UTC = +0000).
  • Message processor UUID.
  • "Apigee Edge - - - "

If set to false (default), the message is not prepended with those fixed characters.

SSLInfo

Lets you log messages through SSL/TLS. Use with sub-element <Enabled>true</Enabled>.

If you don't include this element or leave it empty, the default value is false (no TLS/SSL).

<SSLInfo>
    <Enabled>true</Enabled>
</SSLInfo>

You can configure the <SSLInfo> tag the same as you can on a TargetEndpoint, including enabling two-way TLS/SSL, as described in API Proxy Configuration Reference. Only the TCP protocol is supported.

logLevel

Optional.

Valid values: INFO (default), ALERT, WARN, ERROR

Set a specific level of information to be included in the message log.

If you're using the FormatMessage element (setting it to true), your logLevel setting affects the calculated priority score (the number inside the angle brackets) in the Apigee-generated information prepended to the message.

Schemas


Usage notes

When attaching a Message Logging policy to an API proxy flow, consider placing it in the ProxyEndpoint response, in a special flow called PostClientFlow. The PostClientFlow executes after the response is sent to the requesting client, which ensures that all metrics are available for logging. For details on using PostClientFlow, see API Proxy Configuration Reference.

The PostClientFlow is special in two ways:

  1. It only executed as part of the response flow.
  2. It is the only flow executed after the proxy enters the error state.

Because it is executed regardless of whether the proxy succeeded or failed, you can put Message Logging policies in the PostClientFlow and be guaranteed that they always execute.

The following Trace image shows a Message Logging policy executing as part of the PostClientFlow, after the DefaultFaultRule executes:

In this example, the Verify API Key policy caused the fault because of an invalid key.

Shown below is the ProxyEndpoint definition that includes the PostClientFlow:

<ProxyEndpoint name="default">
  ...
  <PostClientFlow>
    <Response>
      <Step>
        <Name>Message-Logging-1</Name>
      </Step>
    </Response>
  </PostClientFlow>
  ...
</ProxyEndpoint>

Edge logs messages as simple text, and you can configure logging to include variables, such as the date and time when the request or response was received, the user identity on the request, the source IP address from which the request was sent, and so on. Edge logs message asynchronously, meaning that no latency that might be caused by blocking callouts is introduced to your API.

The Message Logging policy writes logged messages in memory to a buffer. The message logger reads messages from the buffer and then writes to the destination that you configure. Each destination has its own buffer.

If the write rate to the buffer increases beyond the read rate, the buffer overflows and logging will fail. If this happens, you might find a message containing the following in the log file:

Log message size exceeded. Increase the max message size setting

If you encounter this issue in Edge for Private Cloud 4.15.07 and earlier, locate the message-logging.properties file and use this solution:

Increase the max.log.message.size.in.kb property (default value = 128 KB) in the message-logging.properties file.

For Edge for Private Cloud 4.16.01 and later, set the conf_message-logging_max.log.message.size.in.kb property in the /opt/apigee/customer/application/message-processor.properties file and restart the Message Processor.

Note: The response message variables in Edge are not available from the Error Flow. These variables are also not available in PostClientFlow if the preceding flow was the Error Flow. If you want to log response information from the PostClientFlow, use the message object. You can use this object to get at headers and other information from the response whether or not there was an error. See Message variables for more information and an example.

Controlling log message timestamp in Edge for Private Cloud

By default, the timestamp in log messages has the format:

yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss.sssZ

For example:

2017-05-08T13:33:00.000+0000

You can use the conf_system_apigee.syslogger.dateFormat property on the Edge Message Processor to control that format. For example, changing the message format to:

yy/MM/dd'T'HH:mm:ss.sssZ

Records a timestamp in the form:

17/09/01T22:38:11.011+0000

To change the format:

  1. Open the message-processor.properties file in an editor. If the file does not exist, create it:
    > vi /opt/apigee/customer/application/message-processor.properties
  2. Set the properties as desired:
    conf_system_apigee.syslogger.dateFormat=yy/MM/dd'T'HH:mm:ss.sssZ
  3. Save your changes.
  4. Make sure the properties file is owned by the 'apigee' user:
    > chown apigee:apigee /opt/apigee/customer/application/message-processor.properties
  5. Restart the Edge Message Processor:
    > /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-message-processor restart

Log file location in Edge for Private Cloud

Edge for Private Cloud 4.16.01 and later

By default, Private Cloud message logs are located in the following directory on Message Processor nodes:

/opt/apigee/var/log/edge-message-processor/messagelogging/org_name/environment/api_proxy_name/revision/logging_policy_name/

You can change the default log location by modifying properties in the message-logging.properties file on the Message Processors:

  • bin_setenv_data_dir - Sets the root path for log file storage. For example, bin_setenv_data_dir=/opt/apigee/var/log
  • conf_message-logging_log.root.dir - If you set this to a relative path, such as conf/message-logging.properties+log.root.dir=custom/folder/, the path is appended to the bin_setenv_data_dir location.

    If you set this to an absolute path, such as conf/message-logging.properties+log.root.dir=/opt/apigee/var/log/messages, message logs will be stored in /opt/apigee/var/log/messages/messagelog/. An absolute path takes precedence over bin_setenv_data_dir.

    Note that you have to reference the property as conf/message-logging.properties+log.root.dir because it is commented out be default. See Setting a token that is currently commented out for more.

If you want to store log files in a flat file structure so that all log files are put in the same directory, set the conf/message-logging.properties+enable.flat.directory.structure to true in the message-logging.properties file. Messages are stored in the directory specified by the properties above, and the file names take the form of {org}_{environment}_{api_proxy_name}_{revision}_{logging_policy_name}_{filename}.

To set these properties:

  1. Open the message-processor.properties file in an editor. If the file does not exist, create it:
    > vi /opt/apigee/customer/application/message-processor.properties
  2. Set the properties as desired:
    conf/message-logging.properties+log.root.dir=/opt/apigee/var/log/messages
  3. Save your changes.
  4. Make sure the properties file is owned by the 'apigee' user:
    > chown apigee:apigee /opt/apigee/customer/application/message-processor.properties
  5. Restart the Edge component:
    > /opt/apigee/apigee-service/bin/apigee-service edge-message-processor restart

Edge for Private Cloud 4.15.07 and earlier

By default, message logs are located in the following location on message processors:

/opt/apigee4/var/log/apigee/message-processor/messagelog/{org}/{environment}/{api_proxy_name}/{revision}/{logging_policy_name}/

You can change the default log location by modifying the following properties in the message-logging.properties file on the message processors:

  • data.dir - Sets the root path for log file storage. For example, data.dir=/opt/apigee4/var/log
  • log.root.dir - If you set this to a relative path, such as log.root.dir=custom/folder/, the path is appended to the data.dir location.

For example, the combination of the two properties would set the logging directory at /opt/apigee4/var/log/custom/folder/messagelog/ (note that /messagelog is added automatically).

If you set this to an absolute path, such as log.root.dir=/opt/apigee4/var/log/messages, message logs will be stored in /opt/apigee4/var/log/messages/messagelog/. An absolute path in log.root.dir takes precedence over data.dir.

If you want to store log files in a flat file structure so that all log files are put in the same directory, set the enable.flat.directory.structure property to true in the message-logging.properties file on Message Processors. Messages are stored in the directory specified by the properties above, and the file names take the form of {org}_{environment}_{api_proxy_name}_{revision}_{logging_policy_name}_{filename}.

Default values for variables in message template

Default values can be specified for each variable in message template separately. For example, if the variable request.header.id cannot be resolved, then its value is replaced with the value unknown.

<Message>This is a test message. id = {request.header.id:unknown}</Message>

A common default value can be specified for all the unresolved variables by setting the defaultVariableValue attribute on the the Message element:

<Message defaultVariableValue="unknown">This is a test message. id = {request.header.id}</Message>

Configuring third-party log management services

The Message Logging policy lets you send syslog messages to third-party log management services, such as Splunk, Sumo Logic, and Loggly. If you want to send syslog to one of those services, see that service's documentation to configure the service's host, port, and protocol, then set the Syslog element on this policy accordingly.

See the following documentation for third-party log management configuration:

Error reference

This section describes the fault codes and error messages that are returned and fault variables that are set by Edge when this policy triggers an error. This information is important to know if you are developing fault rules to handle faults. To learn more, see What you need to know about policy errors and Handling faults.

Runtime errors

These errors can occur when the policy executes.

Fault code HTTP status Cause
steps.messagelogging.StepDefinitionExecutionFailed 500 See fault string.

Deployment errors

These errors can occur when you deploy a proxy containing this policy.

Error name Cause Fix
InvalidProtocol The deployment of the MessageLogging policy can fail with this error if the protocol specified within the <Protocol> element is not valid. The valid protocols are TCP and UDP. For sending syslog messages over TLS/SSL, only TCP is supported. build
InvalidPort The deployment of the MessageLogging policy can fail with this error if the port number is not specified within the <Port> element or if it is not valid. The port number must be an integer greater than zero. build

Fault variables

These variables are set when a runtime error occurs. For more information, see What you need to know about policy errors.

Variables Where Example
fault.name="fault_name" fault_name is the name of the fault, as listed in the Runtime errors table above. The fault name is the last part of the fault code. fault.name Matches "StepDefinitionExecutionFailed"
messagelogging.policy_name.failed policy_name is the user-specified name of the policy that threw the fault. messagelogging.ML-LogMessages.failed = true

Example error response

{  
   "fault":{  
      "detail":{  
         "errorcode":"steps.messagelogging.StepDefinitionExecutionFailed"
      },
      "faultstring":"Execution failed"
   }
}

Example fault rule

<FaultRule name="MessageLogging">
    <Step>
        <Name>ML-LogMessages</Name>
        <Condition>(fault.name Matches "StepDefinitionExecutionFailed") </Condition>
    </Step>
    <Condition>(messagelogging.ML-LogMessages.failed = true) </Condition>
</FaultRule>


Flow variables

The following variables are populated on policy failure.

  • messagelogging.failed
  • messagelogging.{stepdefinition-name}.failed

Related topics