PythonScript policy

What

The Python Script policy lets you add customized Python functionality to your API proxy flow, especially when the functionality you need is beyond what the Edge out-of-the-box policies provide.

Python language support is provided through Jython version 2.5.2. Third-party libraries you add must be "pure Python" (implemented only in Python). For more on adding libraries, see Resource files.

A Python policy contains no actual code. Instead, a Python policy references a Python resource and defines the Step in the API flow where the Python script executes. You can upload your script through the Management UI proxy editor, or you can include it in the /resources/py directory in API proxies that you develop locally.

Samples

Python policy & script

Python Script policy

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<Script name="Python-1">
        <DisplayName>Python-1</DisplayName>
        <ResourceURL>py://myscript.py</ResourceURL>
</Script>

In this example, the element, ResourceURL specifies the relevant Python script resource.

Python Script

This shows what you might include in the Python script itself.

import base64

username = flow.getVariable("request.formparam.client_id")
password = flow.getVariable("request.formparam.client_secret")

base64string = base64.encodestring('%s:%s' % (username, password))[:-1]
authorization = "Basic "+base64string

flow.setVariable("authorizationParam",authorization)

Element reference

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<Script name="Python-1">
    <DisplayName>Python-1</DisplayName>
    <ResourceURL>py://myscript.py</ResourceURL>
    <IncludeURL>py://myscript_dependency.py</IncludeURL>
</Script>

The following table describes attributes that are common to all policy parent elements:

Attribute Description Default Presence
name

The internal name of the policy. The value of the name attribute can contain letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, underscores, and periods. This value cannot exceed 255 characters.

Optionally, use the <DisplayName> element to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

N/A Required
continueOnError

Set to false to return an error when a policy fails. This is expected behavior for most policies.

Set to true to have flow execution continue even after a policy fails.

false Optional
enabled

Set to true to enforce the policy.

Set to false to "turn off" the policy. The policy will not be enforced even if it remains attached to a flow.

true Optional
async

This attribute is deprecated.

false Deprecated

<DisplayName> element

Use in addition to the name attribute to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

<DisplayName>Policy Display Name</DisplayName>
Default:

N/A

If you omit this element, the value of the policy's name attribute is used.

Presence: Optional
Type: String

<ResourceURL> element

This element specifies the main Python file that will execute in the API flow. You can store this file at the API proxy scope (under /apiproxy/resources/py in the API proxy bundle or in the Scripts section of the API proxy editor's Navigator pane), or at the organization or environment scopes for reuse across multiple API proxies, as described in Resource files. Your code can use the objects, methods, and properties of the JavaScript object model.

<ResourceURL>py://myscript.py</ResourceURL>
Default: None
Presence: Required
Type: String

<IncludeURL> element

Specifies a Python file to be loaded as dependency to the main Python file specified with the <ResourceURL> element. The scripts will be evaluated in the order in which they are listed in the policy.

Include more than one Python dependency resource with additional <IncludeURL> elements.

<IncludeURL>py://myscript_dependency.py</IncludeURL>
Default: None
Presence: Optional
Type: String

Error codes

This section describes the fault codes and error messages that are returned and fault variables that are set by Edge when this policy triggers an error. This information is important to know if you are developing fault rules to handle faults. To learn more, see What you need to know about policy errors and Handling faults.

Runtime errors

These errors can occur when the policy executes.

Fault code HTTP status Cause Fix
steps.script.ScriptEvaluationFailed 500 The PythonScript policy can throw several different types of ScriptExecutionFailed errors. Commonly seen types of errors include NameError and ZeroDivisionError. build

Deployment errors

These errors can occur when you deploy a proxy containing this policy.

Error name Cause Fix
InvalidResourceUrlFormat If the format of the resource URL specified within the <ResourceURL> or the <IncludeURL> element of the PythonScript policy is invalid, then the deployment of the API proxy fails. build
InvalidResourceUrlReference If the <ResourceURL> or the <IncludeURL> elements refer to a PythonScript file that does not exist, then the deployment of the API proxy fails. The referenced source file must exist either the API proxy, environment, or organization level. build

Fault variables

These variables are set when this policy triggers an error at runtime. For more information, see What you need to know about policy errors.

Variables Where Example
fault.name="fault_name" fault_name is the name of the fault, as listed in the Runtime errors table above. The fault name is the last part of the fault code. fault.name Matches "ScriptExecutionFailed"
pythonscript.policy_name.failed policy_name is the user-specified name of the policy that threw the fault. pythonscript.PythonScript-1.failed = true

Example error response

{
  "fault": {
    "faultstring": "Execution of SetResponse failed with error: Pythonscript runtime error: "ReferenceError: "status" is not defined.\"",
    "detail": {
      "errorcode": "steps.script.ScriptExecutionFailed"
    }
  }
}

Example fault rule

<FaultRule name="PythonScript Policy Faults">
    <Step>
        <Name>AM-CustomErrorResponse</Name>
        <Condition>(fault.name Matches "ScriptExecutionFailed") </Condition>
    </Step>
    <Condition>(pythonscript.PythonScript-1.failed = true) </Condition>
</FaultRule>

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